Orthostatic hypotension is a dangerous drop in blood pressure
Typically, those with quadriplegia are at a greater risk than individuals with paraplegia. Orthostatic hypotension can sometimes happen when you move from lying down to sitting or standing. Symptoms may include light-headedness, dizziness, nausea, and fatigue. If you experience any of these symptoms, lie down until they subside. Elevating your feet and having someone apply pressure to your abdomen can also provide relief.
A fracture, or break in the bone
Is typically the result of trauma, overuse, or decreased bone mineral density (osteoporosis). Fractures are more common in limbs affected by paralysis. Anyone prone to experiencing severe muscle spasms and who has osteoporosis should take precautions to prevent fractures—for example, by engaging in lower impact exercise.
Spasticity, or high muscle tone, can be a sign of pain and can be worsened by medical issues such as skin breakdown or infection
Doing a warm-up and stretching may help prevent or alleviate spasticity. But certain exercises might exacerbate spasticity—assess on a case-by-case basis. If spasticity continues to worsen, avoid the problematic exercise.
Sunburn is damage to the skin that results from extended exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays
Use sunscreen, shade, or light-coloured lightweight clothing if you exercise outside. This is particularly important if you have limited or no sensation in your skin.